The comprehensive guide to coffee

Let’s get informed about coffee, coffee types and flavors. Flat White : The two most Kiwi coffees available are the long black and the flat white – as both originated in New Zealand and Australia. For a flat white, the steamed milk from the bottom of the jug (which is usually not so frothy, but rather creamy) is poured over a shot of espresso. It is now popular among mums and dads at school fetes who are desperately trying to stay awake. Long Black : Hot water is poured into a cup, and then two shots of espresso are poured into the water. If you do the inverse of this, it will result in an Americano. Long blacks can be quite strong, and have more crema (a creamy foam that tops espresso shots) than an Americano.

Arabica beans account for a majority of the coffee produced and sold in the world today. And, the account for about 60% of the world’s coffee consumption. They’re generally considered to be of a higher quality than the other bean types and are grown predominantly in Latin America.

First off, let’s dispel some confusion about these terms. If you’ve been dabbling in the coffee community for awhile, you’ve likely come across them before but might not know exactly what they are referring to. A coffee’s “variety” is a classification term that identifies a specific subspecies or genetic makeup of the coffee plant. The term “varietal” is used for the resulting brew or product that comes from a singular variety of coffee. Among coffee varieties there are original (naturally occurring) varieties, Sub-varieties, mutations, interspecific hybrids, and infraspecific hybrids. If you’re into botany, going further will likely be pretty interesting, but it may just seem like a bunch of nonsense to other people. So know that you don’t really need to be familiar with every single variety to buy good coffee.

Espressino – This is a drink made with equal parts of espresso. Cocoa powder is added at the bottom of cup and over the final shot. A layer of nutella is also spread on the walls of cup. Flat White – A double shot of espresso with steamed milk in a ratio of 1:2 is Flat white. There is no layer of milk foam on top of this drink. Cafe Au Lait – Different from other drinks, this drink has base as regular coffee made via Drip or French Press. Then steamed or hot milk is then added in same ratio. Caffe Breve – This is an American variant of a latte: a milk-based espresso drink using steamed half-and-half mixture of milk and cream instead of milk topped with foam. Antoccino – A single shot of espresso topped with steamed milk in a ratio of 1:1 is Antoccino. Cafe Affogato – Can be said as Italian coffee or dessert. It’s prepared by pouring espresso shot over a scoop of vanilla gelato. Red Eye – A cup of regular brewed coffee topped with a single shot of espresso is Red Eye Black Eye – Double shot of espresso topped on a cup of drip coffee is Black Eye. Dripped Eye – Three shots of espresso topped up on a regular coffee cup is Dripped Eye. See more info at The Best Coffee.